Approaches to spatial disparities
Neptun code: llln9267i
Seminar leader: Ferenc Gyuris (Department of Social and Economic Geography)
Time: Tuesday 2 pm to 4pm
The course is aimed at providing a multidisciplinary and historically situated overview of the main approaches to, theoretical concepts of, and methodologies on spatial inequality, including a critical evaluation of the potentials and constraints of their application in research practice as well as regional and urban planning. It will be discussed how and why spatial inequality became a matter of interest for the academia in the epoch of 19th -century European Enlightenment, how it was reinterpreted in the classical Marxist discourse before coming to its heyday in the post-WWII Cold War context in service of both rival superpowers, and how it gradually faded out under the aegis of neoliberalism just to be reinvented by leftist researchers after the oil crises and, more recently, in light of the 2008 global economic crisis. A main goal is to embed all influential concepts in their historical, geographical, social, political, economic etc. contexts. This is used as basis to reveal the major reasons for the perpetual emergence of new concepts as well as their short- and long-term impact on scientific, political and public discourses. Great attention is paid to underlying, and often conflicting and contested, normative notions of social ideals and “the common good”, resulting in the problematisation (or de-problematisation) of spatial inequality and its various aspects perceived as the most important.
• The political discourse of spatial disparities
• The moral statistics approach of the 19th century: illiteracy, immorality and poverty as engines of inequality
• From classical Marxism to Marxism-Leninism to Stalinism: “uneven development” in capitalism
• Early Cold War concepts in the US: spatial inequality research in capitalist economies and liberal democracies
• Neoclassical economics and the hope of automatically diminishing geographical disparities
• Polarisation theories: it gets worse before it gets better
• Post-Fordist neoliberal approaches and the world of “winners” and “losers”: spatial polarisation in service of competition and growth
• Dependency theories: spatial inequality as an outcome of global power asymmetries
• Neomarxism and “uneven geographical development”: contemporary views on the political economy of spatial disparities
• Looking for conclusions: what is the moral for geographers and spatial scientists?
Gyuris F. 2014. The Political Discourse of Spatial Disparities: Geographical Inequalities in Science and Propaganda. Springer: Cham. 381 pages. (+PPT slides with the key points will be provided). Materials will be accessible at Neptun Meet Street.
Online meetings will start in October and each of them will last for 110 minutes.
1. Everyone has to read the selected part of the book for every meeting (~20-30 pages per week). The meetings will be based on critical discussions about the readings. Active and constructive contribution is expected, which will be an object of evaluation.
2. After each meeting, everyone has to prepare and submit a short memo to gyurisf(at)caesar.elte.hu on how he/she thinks the ideas he/she gained at the last meeting can be used for his/her later studies and work. (=What he/she finds the most important “takeaways” from the meeting.) Approximately 200-300 words should be written each week. No “fancy” format is required: the memo can be running text, bullet points etc. Memos are preferred to be submitted within 5 days after the given meeting (so that I can give fast feedbacks), but they can also be submitted later in case of illness or other unexpected problems. The final deadline for submitting all memos will be December 11, 2020 (Friday).
3. Attendance at 7 meetings at least.